Fundamental Concepts in Computer Science: 3 (Advances in Computer Science and Engineering: Texts)

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It is theoretically possible to break such a system, but it is infeasible to do so by any known practical means. These schemes are therefore termed computationally secure; theoretical advances, e. There exist information-theoretically secure schemes that provably cannot be broken even with unlimited computing power—an example is the one-time pad —but these schemes are more difficult to implement than the best theoretically breakable but computationally secure mechanisms. A quantum computer is a computation system that makes direct use of quantum-mechanical phenomena , such as superposition and entanglement , to perform operations on data.

Whereas digital computers require data to be encoded into binary digits bits , each of which is always in one of two definite states 0 or 1 , quantum computation uses qubits quantum bits , which can be in superpositions of states. A theoretical model is the quantum Turing machine , also known as the universal quantum computer.

Quantum computers share theoretical similarities with non-deterministic and probabilistic computers ; one example is the ability to be in more than one state simultaneously. The field of quantum computing was first introduced by Yuri Manin in [36] and Richard Feynman in As of [update] , quantum computing is still in its infancy but experiments have been carried out in which quantum computational operations were executed on a very small number of qubits. Information-based complexity IBC studies optimal algorithms and computational complexity for continuous problems.

IBC has studied continuous problems as path integration, partial differential equations, systems of ordinary differential equations, nonlinear equations, integral equations, fixed points, and very-high-dimensional integration. Computational number theory , also known as algorithmic number theory , is the study of algorithms for performing number theoretic computations. The best known problem in the field is integer factorization.

Computer algebra , also called symbolic computation or algebraic computation is a scientific area that refers to the study and development of algorithms and software for manipulating mathematical expressions and other mathematical objects. Although, properly speaking, computer algebra should be a subfield of scientific computing , they are generally considered as distinct fields because scientific computing is usually based on numerical computation with approximate floating point numbers , while symbolic computation emphasizes exact computation with expressions containing variables that have not any given value and are thus manipulated as symbols therefore the name of symbolic computation.

In programming language theory , semantics is the field concerned with the rigorous mathematical study of the meaning of programming languages. It does so by evaluating the meaning of syntactically legal strings defined by a specific programming language, showing the computation involved. In such a case that the evaluation would be of syntactically illegal strings, the result would be non-computation. Semantics describes the processes a computer follows when executing a program in that specific language. This can be shown by describing the relationship between the input and output of a program, or an explanation of how the program will execute on a certain platform , hence creating a model of computation.

Formal methods are a particular kind of mathematics based techniques for the specification , development and verification of software and hardware systems. Formal methods are best described as the application of a fairly broad variety of theoretical computer science fundamentals, in particular logic calculi, formal languages , automata theory , and program semantics , but also type systems and algebraic data types to problems in software and hardware specification and verification. Automata theory is the study of abstract machines and automata , as well as the computational problems that can be solved using them.

It is a theory in theoretical computer science, under Discrete mathematics a section of Mathematics and also of Computer Science. Coding theory is the study of the properties of codes and their fitness for a specific application. Codes are used for data compression , cryptography , error-correction and more recently also for network coding. Codes are studied by various scientific disciplines—such as information theory , electrical engineering , mathematics , and computer science —for the purpose of designing efficient and reliable data transmission methods.

This typically involves the removal of redundancy and the correction or detection of errors in the transmitted data. Theoretical results in machine learning mainly deal with a type of inductive learning called supervised learning. In supervised learning, an algorithm is given samples that are labeled in some useful way. For example, the samples might be descriptions of mushrooms, and the labels could be whether or not the mushrooms are edible.

The algorithm takes these previously labeled samples and uses them to induce a classifier. This classifier is a function that assigns labels to samples including the samples that have never been previously seen by the algorithm. The goal of the supervised learning algorithm is to optimize some measure of performance such as minimizing the number of mistakes made on new samples. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the branch of computer science and mathematics. For the journal, see Theoretical Computer Science journal. Main article: History of computer science. Main article: Algorithm.

Main article: Data structure. Main article: Computational complexity theory. Main article: Distributed computation. Main article: Parallel computation. Main article: VLSI. Main article: Machine learning. Main article: Computational biology. Main article: Computational geometry. Main article: Information theory. Main article: Cryptography. Main article: Quantum computation. Main article: Information-based complexity. Main article: Computational number theory.

Main article: Symbolic computation. Main article: Program semantics. Main article: Formal methods. Main article: Automata theory. Main article: Coding theory. Main article: Computational learning theory. Retrieved Rogers opines that: "a computation is carried out in a discrete stepwise fashion, without use of continuous methods or analogue devices. Black ed. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Online version Accessed May 21, Distributed Systems: Concepts and Design 5th Edition. Boston: Addison-Wesley. Dolev Ghosh , p. Highly parallel computing. Redwood City, Calif.

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8 Surprising Ways Computer Science Benefits Society | Rasmussen College

November Google, Apple v. Samsung and hiQ v. LinkedIn sagas. Guest lectures typically have covered open source and the free software movement, practical issues for business founders including corporate formation issues and non-disclosure, non-compete, work-made-for-hire and license agreements , and other pertinent topics. Classes are presented in an open discussion format broadly directed to students with both technical and non-technical backgrounds. Cybersecurity: A Legal and Technical Perspective. Formerly IPS This class will use the case method to teach basic computer, network, and information security from technology, law, policy, and business perspectives.

Using real world topics, we will study the technical, legal, policy, and business aspects of an incident or issue and its potential solutions. The case studies will be organized around the following topics: vulnerability disclosure, state sponsored sabotage, corporate and government espionage, credit card theft, theft of embarrassing personal data, phishing and social engineering attacks, denial of service attacks, attacks on weak session management and URLs, security risks and benefits of cloud data storage, wiretapping on the Internet, and digital forensics.

Students taking the class will learn about the techniques attackers use, applicable legal prohibitions, rights, and remedies, the policy context, and strategies in law, policy and business for managing risk. Grades will be based on class participation, two reflection papers, and a final exam. Special Instructions: This class is limited to 65 students, with an effort made to have students from Stanford Law School 30 students will be selected by lottery and students from Computer Science 30 students and International Policy Studies 5 students.

Legal informatics based on representation of regulations in computable form. Encoding regulations facilitate creation of legal information systems with significant practical value. Convergence of technological trends, growth of the Internet, advent of semantic web technology, and progress in computational logic make computational law prospects better.

Topics: current state of computational law, prospects and problems, philosophical and legal implications. Prerequisite: basic concepts of programming. A survey of numerical approaches to the continuous mathematics with emphasis on machine and deep learning. Students have the option of doing written homework and either a take-home or in class exams with no programming required, or may skip the exams and instead do a programming project. Replaces CSA, and satisfies all similar requirements. This project-based course will explore the field of computational journalism, including the use of Data Science, Info Visualization, AI, and emerging technologies to help journalists discover and tell stories, understand their audience, advance free speech, and build trust.

Admission by application; please email R. Brenner at rbbrenner stanford. Great Ideas in Computer Science Covers the intellectual tradition of computer science emphasizing ideas that reflect the most important milestones in the history of the discipline. Topics include programming and problem solving; implementing computation in hardware; algorithmic efficiency; the theoretical limits of computation; cryptography and security; computer networks; machine learning; and the philosophy behind artificial intelligence.

Readings will include classic papers along with additional explanatory material. Human decision making is increasingly being displaced by predictive algorithms. Judges sentence defendants based on statistical risk scores; regulators take enforcement actions based on predicted violations; advertisers target materials based on demographic attributes; and employers evaluate applicants and employees based on machine-learned models.

A predominant concern with the rise of such algorithmic decision making is that it may replicate or exacerbate human bias. Algorithms might discriminate, for instance, based on race or gender. This course surveys the legal and ethical principles for assessing the equity of algorithms, describes techniques for designing fair systems, and considers how antidiscrimination law and the design of algorithms may need to evolve to account for machine bias. Concepts will be developed in part through guided in-class coding exercises. Admission is by consent of instructor and is limited to 20 students.

Grading is based on response papers, class participation, and a final project. Software Project Experience with Corporate Partners. Two-quarter project course. Focus is on real-world software development.

Computer science

Student teams are treated as start-up companies with a budget and a technical advisory board comprised of instructional staff and corporate liaisons. Teams will typically travel to the corporate headquarters of their collaborating partner, meaning some teams will travel internationally. Open loft classroom format such as found in Silicon Valley software companies. Exposure to: current practices in software engineering; techniques for stimulating innovation; significant development experience with creative freedoms; working in groups; real-world software engineering challenges; public presentation of technical work; creating written descriptions of technical work.

Continuation of CSA. Student teams are treated as start-up companies with a budget and a technical advisory board comprised of the instructional staff and corporate liaisons. Exposure to: current practices in software engineering; techniques for stimulating innovation; significant development experience with creative freedoms; working in groups; real world software engineering challenges; public presentation of technical work; creating written descriptions of technical work. Covering everything from VR fundamentals to futurecasting to launch management, this course will expose you to best practices and guidance from VR leaders that helps positions you to build great VR experiences.

Hardware Accelerators for Machine Learning. This course provides in-depth coverage of the architectural techniques used to design accelerators for training and inference in machine learning systems. This course will cover classical ML algorithms such as linear regression and support vector machines as well as DNN models such as convolutional neural nets, and recurrent neural nets. We will consider both training and inference for these models and discuss the impact of parameters such as batch size, precision, sparsity and compression on the accuracy of these models.

We will cover the design of accelerators for ML model inference and training. Students will become familiar with hardware implementation techniques for using parallelism, locality, and low precision to implement the core computational kernels used in ML. To design energy-efficient accelerators, students will develop the intuition to make trade-offs between ML model parameters and hardware implementation techniques.

Students will read recent research papers and complete a design project. Artificial Intelligence: Principles and Techniques. Artificial intelligence AI has had a huge impact in many areas, including medical diagnosis, speech recognition, robotics, web search, advertising, and scheduling. This course focuses on the foundational concepts that drive these applications. In short, AI is the mathematics of making good decisions given incomplete information hence the need for probability and limited computation hence the need for algorithms.

Specific topics include search, constraint satisfaction, game playing, Markov decision processes, graphical models, machine learning, and logic. Robotics foundations in modeling, design, planning, and control. Class covers relevant results from geometry, kinematics, statics, dynamics, motion planning, and control, providing the basic methodologies and tools in robotics research and applications. Concepts and models are illustrated through physical robot platforms, interactive robot simulations, and video segments relevant to historical research developments or to emerging application areas in the field.

Recommended: matrix algebra. Natural Language Processing with Deep Learning. Methods for processing human language information and the underlying computational properties of natural languages. Focus on deep learning approaches: understanding, implementing, training, debugging, visualizing, and extending neural network models for a variety of language understanding tasks.

Exploration of natural language tasks ranging from simple word level and syntactic processing to coreference, question answering, and machine translation. Examination of representative papers and systems and completion of a final project applying a complex neural network model to a large-scale NLP problem. Introduction to spoken language technology with an emphasis on dialogue and conversational systems. Deep learning and other methods for automatic speech recognition, speech synthesis, affect detection, dialogue management, and applications to digital assistants and spoken language understanding systems.

Project-oriented class focused on developing systems and algorithms for robust machine understanding of human language.

Draws on theoretical concepts from linguistics, natural language processing, and machine learning. Topics include lexical semantics, distributed representations of meaning, relation extraction, semantic parsing, sentiment analysis, and dialogue agents, with special lectures on developing projects, presenting research results, and making connections with industry. Networks are a fundamental tool for modeling complex social, technological, and biological systems.

Coupled with the emergence of online social networks and large-scale data availability in biological sciences, this course focuses on the analysis of massive networks which provide several computational, algorithmic, and modeling challenges. Students are introduced to machine learning techniques and data mining tools apt to reveal insights on the social, technological, and natural worlds, by means of studying their underlying network structure and interconnections. Topics include: robustness and fragility of food webs and financial markets; algorithms for the World Wide Web; graph neural networks and representation learning; identification of functional modules in biological networks; disease outbreak detection.

B. Tech in Computer Science & Information Technology

Hands-on laboratory course experience in robotic manipulation. Topics include robot kinematics, dynamics, control, compliance, sensor-based collision avoidance, and human-robot interfaces. Second half of class is devoted to final projects using various robotic platforms to build and demonstrate new robot task capabilities. Previous projects include the development of autonomous robot behaviors of drawing, painting, playing air hocket, yoyo, basketball, ping-pong or xylophone. Prerequisites: A or equivalent. A general game playing system accepts a formal description of a game to play it without human intervention or algorithms designed for specific games.

Hands-on introduction to these systems and artificial intelligence techniques such as knowledge representation, reasoning, learning, and rational behavior.

  1. Theoretical computer science.
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Students create GGP systems to compete with each other and in external competitions. Prerequisite: programming experience. Recommended: or equivalent. Probabilistic Graphical Models: Principles and Techniques. Probabilistic graphical modeling languages for representing complex domains, algorithms for reasoning using these representations, and learning these representations from data. Topics include: Bayesian and Markov networks, extensions to temporal modeling such as hidden Markov models and dynamic Bayesian networks, exact and approximate probabilistic inference algorithms, and methods for learning models from data.

Also included are sample applications to various domains including speech recognition, biological modeling and discovery, medical diagnosis, message encoding, vision, and robot motion planning. Prerequisites: basic probability theory and algorithm design and analysis. Prerequisites: linear algebra, and basic probability and statistics. How do we formalize what it means for an algorithm to learn from data?

How do we use mathematical thinking to design better machine learning methods? This course focuses on developing mathematical tools for answering these questions. We will present various learning algorithms and prove theoretical guarantees about them. Topics include generalization bounds, implicit regularization, the theory of deep learning, spectral methods, and online learning and bandits problems. Recent advances in computing may place us at the threshold of a unique turning point in human history.

Soon we are likely to entrust management of our environment, economy, security, infrastructure, food production, healthcare, and to a large degree even our personal activities, to artificially intelligent computer systems. The prospect of "turning over the keys" to increasingly autonomous systems raises many complex and troubling questions.

How will society respond as versatile robots and machine-learning systems displace an ever-expanding spectrum of blue- and white-collar workers? Will the benefits of this technological revolution be broadly distributed or accrue to a lucky few? How can we ensure that these systems are free of algorithmic bias and respect human ethical principles? What role will they play in our system of justice and the practice of law?

How will they be used or abused in democratic societies and autocratic regimes? Will they alter the geopolitical balance of power, and change the nature of warfare? The goal of CS22a is to equip students with the intellectual tools, ethical foundation, and psychological framework to successfully navigate the coming age of intelligent machines. Deep Learning is one of the most highly sought after skills in AI.

We will help you become good at Deep Learning. In this course, you will learn the foundations of Deep Learning, understand how to build neural networks, and learn how to lead successful machine learning projects. You will work on case studies from healthcare, autonomous driving, sign language reading, music generation, and natural language processing. You will master not only the theory, but also see how it is applied in industry. You will practice all these ideas in Python and in TensorFlow, which we will teach.

AI is transforming multiple industries. After this course, you will likely find creative ways to apply it to your work. You will watch videos and complete in-depth programming assignments and online quizzes at home, then come in to class for advanced discussions and work on projects. Formerly B An introduction to the concepts and applications in computer vision. Topics include: cameras and projection models, low-level image processing methods such as filtering and edge detection; mid-level vision topics such as segmentation and clustering; shape reconstruction from stereo, as well as high-level vision tasks such as object recognition, scene recognition, face detection and human motion categorization.

Prerequisites: linear algebra, basic probability and statistics. Computer Vision and Image Analysis of Art. This course presents the application of rigorous image processing, computer vision, machine learning, computer graphics and artificial intelligence techniques to problems in the history and interpretation of fine art paintings, drawings, murals and other two-dimensional works, including abstract art. The course revisits classic problems, such as image-based object recognition, but in highly non-realistic, stylized artworks. Convolutional Neural Networks for Visual Recognition.

Computer Vision has become ubiquitous in our society, with applications in search, image understanding, apps, mapping, medicine, drones, and self-driving cars. Core to many of these applications are visual recognition tasks such as image classification and object detection. Recent developments in neural network approaches have greatly advanced the performance of these state-of-the-art visual recognition systems. This course is a deep dive into details of neural-network based deep learning methods for computer vision.

During this course, students will learn to implement, train and debug their own neural networks and gain a detailed understanding of cutting-edge research in computer vision. We will cover learning algorithms, neural network architectures, and practical engineering tricks for training and fine-tuning networks for visual recognition tasks. Image sampling and quantization color, point operations, segmentation, morphological image processing, linear image filtering and correlation, image transforms, eigenimages, multiresolution image processing, noise reduction and restoration, feature extraction and recognition tasks, image registration.

Emphasis is on the general principles of image processing. Students learn to apply material by implementing and investigating image processing algorithms in Matlab and optionally on Android mobile devices. Term project. Recommended: EE, EE Geometric and Topological Data Analysis. Mathematical computational tools for the analysis of data with geometric content, such images, videos, 3D scans, GPS traces -- as well as for other data embedded into geometric spaces. Global and local geometry descriptors allowing for various kinds of invariances.

The rudiments of computational topology and persistent homology on sampled spaces. Clustering and other unsupervised techniques. Spectral methods for geometric data analysis. Non-linear dimensionality reduction. Alignment, matching, and map computation between geometric data sets. Function spaces and functional maps. Networks of data sets and joint analysis for segmentation and labeling.

The emergence of abstractions or concepts from data. Prerequisites: discrete algorithms at the level of ; linear algebra at the level of CME To realize the dreams and impact of AI requires autonomous systems that learn to make good decisions. Reinforcement learning is one powerful paradigm for doing so, and it is relevant to an enormous range of tasks, including robotics, game playing, consumer modeling and healthcare. This class will briefly cover background on Markov decision processes and reinforcement learning, before focusing on some of the central problems, including scaling up to large domains and the exploration challenge.

One key tool for tackling complex RL domains is deep learning and this class will include at least one homework on deep reinforcement learning. The latest biological and medical imaging modalities and their applications in research and medicine. Focus is on computational analytic and interpretive approaches to optimize extraction and use of biological and clinical imaging data for diagnostic and therapeutic translational medical applications.

Topics include major image databases, fundamental methods in image processing and quantitative extraction of image features, structured recording of image information including semantic features and ontologies, indexing, search and content-based image retrieval. Case studies include linking image data to genomic, phenotypic and clinical data, developing representations of image phenotypes for use in medical decision support and research applications and the role that biomedical imaging informatics plays in new questions in biomedical science. Includes a project. Enrollment for 3 units requires instructor consent.

Knowledge of Matlab or Python highly recommended. Generative models are widely used in many subfields of AI and Machine Learning. Recent advances in parameterizing these models using neural networks, combined with progress in stochastic optimization methods, have enabled scalable modeling of complex, high-dimensional data including images, text, and speech.

In this course, we will study the probabilistic foundations and learning algorithms for deep generative models, including Variational Autoencoders VAE , Generative Adversarial Networks GAN , and flow models. The course will also discuss application areas that have benefitted from deep generative models, including computer vision, speech and natural language processing, and reinforcement learning.

Students will work with computational and mathematical models and should have a basic knowledge of probabilities and calculus. Proficiency in some programming language, preferably Python, required. Basic principles for endowing mobile autonomous robots with perception, planning, and decision-making capabilities. Algorithmic approaches for robot perception, localization, and simultaneous localization and mapping; control of non-linear systems, learning-based control, and robot motion planning; introduction to methodologies for reasoning under uncertainty, e.

This course teaches advanced principles for endowing mobile autonomous robots with capabilities to autonomously learn new skills and to physically interact with the environment and with humans. It also provides an overview of different robot system architectures. Concepts that will be covered in the course are: Reinforcement Learning and its relationship to optimal control, contact and dynamics models for prehensile and non-prehensile robot manipulation, imitation learning and human intent inference, as well as different system architectures and their verification.

Students will earn the theoretical foundations for these concepts and implementnthem on mobile manipulation platforms. Decision Making under Uncertainty. This course is designed to increase awareness and appreciation for why uncertainty matters, particularly for aerospace applications. Introduces decision making under uncertainty from a computational perspective and provides an overview of the necessary tools for building autonomous and decision-support systems. Following an introduction to probabilistic models and decision theory, the course will cover computational methods for solving decision problems with stochastic dynamics, model uncertainty, and imperfect state information.

Topics include: Bayesian networks, influence diagrams, dynamic programming, reinforcement learning, and partially observable Markov decision processes. Applications cover: air traffic control, aviation surveillance systems, autonomous vehicles, and robotic planetary exploration. Prerequisites: basic probability and fluency in a high-level programming language.

Advanced Topics in Sequential Decision Making. Survey of recent research advances in intelligent decision making for dynamic environments from a computational perspective. Efficient algorithms for single and multiagent planning in situations where a model of the environment may or may not be known. Partially observable Markov decision processes, approximate dynamic programming, and reinforcement learning. New approaches for overcoming challenges in generalization from experience, exploration of the environment, and model representation so that these methods can scale to real problems in a variety of domains including aerospace, air traffic control, and robotics.

Students are expected to produce an original research paper on a relevant topic. Advanced Topics in Operating Systems. Recent research. Classic and new papers. Topics: virtual memory management, synchronization and communication, file systems, protection and security, operating system extension techniques, fault tolerance, and the history and experience of systems programming. Prerequisite: or equivalent. Project-centric building hardware and software for embedded computing systems.

Students work on an existing project of their own or join one of these projects. Syllabus topics will be determined by the needs of the enrolled students and projects. Examples of topics include: interrupts and concurrent programming, deterministic timing and synchronization, state-based programming models, filters, frequency response, and high-frequency signals, low power operation, system and PCB design, security, and networked communication.

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Prerequisite: CS or equivalent. This course explores models of computation, both old, like functional programming with the lambda calculus circa , and new, like memory-safe systems programming with Rust circa Topics include type systems polymorphism, algebraic data types, static vs.

The study of programming languages is equal parts systems and theory, looking at how a rigorous understanding of the syntax, structure, and semantics of computation enables formal reasoning about the behavior and properties of complex real-world systems. In light of today's Cambrian explosion of new programming languages, this course also seeks to provide a conceptual clarity on how to compare and contrast the multitude of programming languages, models, and paradigms in the modern programming landscape.

Prerequisites: , Program Analysis and Optimizations. Program analysis techniques used in compilers and software development tools to improve productivity, reliability, and security. The methodology of applying mathematical abstractions such as graphs, fixpoint computations, binary decision diagrams in writing complex software, using compilers as an example. Topics include data flow analysis, instruction scheduling, register allocation, parallelism, data locality, interprocedural analysis, and garbage collection.

Classic papers, new ideas, and research papers in networking. Architectural principles: why the Internet was designed this way? Congestion control. Wireless and mobility; software-defined networks SDN and network virtualization; content distribution networks; packet switching; data-center networks.

Distributed operating systems and applications issues, emphasizing high-level protocols and distributed state sharing as the key technologies. Principles of Data-Intensive Systems. Most important computer applications have to reliably manage and manipulate datasets. This course covers the architecture of modern data storage and processing systems, including relational databases, cluster computing frameworks, streaming systems and machine learning systems. Topics include storage management, query optimization, transactions, concurrency, fault recovery, and parallel processing, with a focus on the key design ideas shared across many types of data-intensive systems.

Availability of massive datasets is revolutionizing science and industry. This course discusses data mining and machine learning algorithms for analyzing very large amounts of data. Topics include: Big data systems Hadoop, Spark ; Link Analysis PageRank, spam detection ; Similarity search locality-sensitive hashing, shingling, minhashing, random hyperplanes ; Stream data processing; Analysis of social-network graphs; Association rules; Dimensionality reduction UV, SVD, and CUR decompositions ; Algorithms for very-large-scale mining clustering, nearest-neighbor search ; Large-scale machine learning gradient descent, decision tree ensembles ; Multi-armed bandit; Computational advertising.

Students will learn how to implement data mining algorithms using Hadoop and Apache Spark, how to implement and debug complex data mining and data transformations, and how to use two of the most popular big data SQL tools. Design for Artificial Intelligence. A project-based course that builds on the introduction to design in CS by focusing on advanced methods and tools for research, prototyping, and user interface design.

Studio based format with intensive coaching and iteration to prepare students for tackling real world design problems. This course takes place entirely in studios; you must plan on attending every studio to take this class. The focus of CSA is design for human-centered artificial intelligence experiences.

What does it mean to design for AI? What is HAI?

Lower Division

Prerequisites: or equivalent background in design thinking. This course takes place entirely in studios; please plan on attending every studio to take this class. We will make digital and paper games, do rapid iteration and run user research studies appropriate to game design. This class has multiple short projects, allowing us to cover a variety of genres, from narrative to pure strategy. Prerequisites: or equivalent background. Complex problems require sophisticated approaches. In this project-based hands-on course, students explore the design of systems, information and interface for human use.

We will model the flow of interactions, data and context, and crafting a design that is useful, appropriate and robust. Students will create utility apps or games as a response to the challenges presented. We will also examine the ethical consequences of design decisions and explore current issues arising from unintended consequences. In this course we will be looking at experiences that address the needs of multiple types of stakeholders at different touchpoints - digital, physical, and everything in between. This course provides a comprehensive introduction to interactive computer graphics, focusing on fundamental concepts and techniques, as well as their cross-cutting relationship to multiple problem domains in interactive graphics such as rendering, animation, geometry, image processing.

Topics include: 2D and 3D drawing, sampling theory, interpolation, rasterization, image compositing, the real-time GPU graphics pipeline and parallel rendering , VR rendering, geometric transformations, curves and surfaces, geometric data structures, subdivision, meshing, spatial hierarchies, image processing, time integration, physically-based animation, and inverse kinematics. The course will involve several in-depth programming assignments and a self-selected final project that explores concepts covered in the class. Introduction to the theory of error correcting codes, emphasizing algebraic constructions, and diverse applications throughout computer science and engineering.

Topics include basic bounds on error correcting codes; Reed-Solomon and Reed-Muller codes; list-decoding, list-recovery and locality. Applications may include communication, storage, complexity theory, pseudorandomness, cryptography, streaming algorithms, group testing, and compressed sensing. Prerequisites: Linear algebra, basic probability at the level of, say, CS, CME or EE and "mathematical maturity" students will be asked to write proofs. Familiarity with finite fields will be helpful but not required. Cryptocurrencies and blockchain technologies. For advanced undergraduates and for graduate students.

The potential applications for Bitcoin-like technologies is enormous. The course will cover the technical aspects of cryptocurrencies, blockchain technologies, and distributed consensus. Students will learn how these systems work and how to engineer secure software that interacts with the Bitcoin network and other cryptocurrencies.

Prerequisite: CS Recommended: CS Boolean functions are among the most basic objects of study in theoretical computer science. This course is about the study of boolean functions from a complexity-theoretic perspective, with an emphasis on analytic methods. We will cover fundamental concepts and techniques in this area, including influence and noise sensitivity, polynomial approximation, hypercontractivity, probabilistic invariance principles, and Gaussian analysis. We will see connections to various areas of theoretical computer science, including circuit complexity, pseudorandomness, classical and quantum query complexity, learning theory, and property testing.

Principles of web security. The fundamentals and state-of-the-art in web security. Attacks and countermeasures. Topics include: the browser security model, web app vulnerabilities, injection, denial-of-service, TLS attacks, privacy, fingerprinting, same-origin policy, cross site scripting, authentication, JavaScript security, emerging threats, defense-in-depth, and techniques for writing secure code.

Course projects include writing security exploits, defending insecure web apps, and implementing emerging web standards. An introduction to computational complexity theory. Prerequisites: or equivalent; mathematical maturity. A continuation of CS Computational Complexity. Topics include circuit complexity, proof complexity, communication and information complexity, average-case complexity, and complexity barriers. For advanced undergraduates and graduate students.

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Theory and practice of cryptographic techniques used in computer security. Topics: encryption symmetric and public key , digital signatures, data integrity, authentication, key management, PKI, zero-knowledge protocols, and real-world applications. Prerequisite: basic probability theory.

Logic and Artificial Intelligence. This is a course at the intersection of philosophical logic and artificial intelligence. After reviewing recent work in AI that has leveraged ideas from logic, we will slow down and study in more detail various components of high-level intelligence and the tools that have been designed to capture those components.

Specific areas will include: reasoning about belief and action, causality and counterfactuals, legal and normative reasoning, natural language inference, and Turing-complete logical formalisms including probabilistic logic programming and lambda calculus. Our main concern will be understanding the logical tools themselves, including their formal properties and how they relate to other tools such as probability and statistics. At the end, students should expect to have learned a lot more about logic, and also to have a sense for how logic has been and can be used in AI applications.

The course introduces the basics of quantum algorithms, quantum computational complexity, quantum information theory, and quantum cryptography, including the models of quantum circuits and quantum Turing machines, Shor's factoring algorithms, Grover's search algorithm, the adiabatic algorithms, quantum error-correction, impossibility results for quantum algorithms, Bell's inequality, quantum information transmission, and quantum coin flipping.

Prerequisites: knowledge of linear algebra, discrete probability and algorithms. Optimization and Algorithmic Paradigms. Algorithms for network optimization: max-flow, min-cost flow, matching, assignment, and min-cut problems. Introduction to linear programming. Use of LP duality for design and analysis of algorithms. Randomized algorithms. Introduction to sub-linear algorithms and decision making under uncertainty.

This course is motivated by problems for which the traditional worst-case analysis of algorithms fails to differentiate meaningfully between different solutions, or recommends an intuitively "wrong" solution over the "right" one. This course studies systematically alternatives to traditional worst-case analysis that nevertheless enable rigorous and robust guarantees on the performance of an algorithm. Topics include: instance optimality; smoothed analysis; parameterized analysis and condition numbers; models of data pseudorandomness, locality, diffuse adversaries, etc. Motivating problems will be drawn from online algorithms, online learning, constraint satisfaction problems, graph partitioning, scheduling, linear programming, hashing, machine learning, and auction theory.

Prerequisites: CS required. CS is recommended but not required. Randomized Algorithms and Probabilistic Analysis. Randomness pervades the natural processes around us, from the formation of networks, to genetic recombination, to quantum physics. Randomness is also a powerful tool that can be leveraged to create algorithms and data structures which, in many cases, are more efficient and simpler than their deterministic counterparts.

This course covers the key tools of probabilistic analysis, and application of these tools to understand the behaviors of random processes and algorithms. Emphasis is on theoretical foundations, though we will apply this theory broadly, discussing applications in machine learning and data analysis, networking, and systems. Topics include tail bounds, the probabilistic method, Markov chains, and martingales, with applications to analyzing random graphs, metric embeddings, random walks, and a host of powerful and elegant randomized algorithms.

Techniques for design and analysis of efficient geometric algorithms for objects in 2-, 3-, and higher dimensions. Topics: convexity, triangulations and simplicial complexes, sweeping, partitioning, and point location. Arrangements of curves and surfaces. Intersection and visibility problems. Geometric searching and optimization. It also contains a tutorial on application development to help students understand the tools for improving user interfaces for EHRs on mobile platforms. The author uses a student-friendly organizational structure that supplies students with a clear demarcation between essential and optional material.

The text supplies clear delineation between Level I, the basic concepts every biomedical informatics professional needs to master; Level II, applied concepts and examples; and Level III, advanced topics. This format allows undergraduate and graduate instructors and professionals in the field to focus quickly on the essential topics, and if interested, delve into Level III advanced topics.

The book includes links to documents and standards sources so students can explore each idea described in more detail. Instructor's manual, solutions manual, videos, figure slides, and lecture slides are available upon qualified course adoption. Every second, users produce large amounts of image data from medical and satellite imaging systems. Image mining techniques that are capable of extracting useful information from image data are becoming increasingly useful, especially in medicine and the health sciences.

Biomedical Image Analysis and Mining Techniques for Improved Health Outcomes addresses major techniques regarding image processing as a tool for disease identification and diagnosis, as well as treatment recommendation. Highlighting current research intended to advance the medical field, this publication is essential for use by researchers, advanced-level students, academicians, medical professionals, and technology developers.

An essential addition to the reference material available in the field of medicine, this timely publication covers a range of applied research on data mining, image processing, computational simulation, data visualization, and image retrieval. This book introduces readers to essential methods and applications in translational biomedical informatics, which include biomedical big data, cloud computing and algorithms for understanding omics data, imaging data, electronic health records and public health data. The storage, retrieval, mining and knowledge discovery of biomedical big data will be among the key challenges for future translational research.

The paradigm for precision medicine and healthcare needs to integratively analyze not only the data at the same level - e. This book discusses the following major aspects: the structure of cross-level data; clinical patient information and its shareability; and standardization and privacy. It offers a valuable guide for all biologists, biomedical informaticians and clinicians with an interest in Precision Medicine Informatics.

Biehl ISBN: Data Warehousing for Biomedical Informatics is a step-by-step how-to guide for designing and building an enterprise-wide data warehouse across a biomedical or healthcare institution, using a four-iteration lifecycle and standardized design pattern. It enables you to quickly implement a fully-scalable generic data architecture that supports your org. Browse more books on biomedical informatics here. This book presents state-of-the-art solutions to the theoretical and practical challenges stemming from the leverage of big data and its computational intelligence in supporting smart network operation, management, and optimization.

In particular, the technical focus covers the comprehensive understanding of network big data, efficient collection and management of network big data, distributed and scalable online analytics for network big data, and emerging applications of network big data for computational intelligence. This book discusses a number of real-world applications of computational intelligence approaches. Using various examples, it demonstrates that computational intelligence has become a consolidated methodology for automatically creating new competitive solutions to complex real-world problems.

It also presents a concise and efficient synthesis of different systems using computationally intelligent techniques. A new edition of a graduate-level machine learning textbook that focuses on the analysis and theory of algorithms. This book is a general introduction to machine learning that can serve as a textbook for graduate students and a reference for researchers. It covers fundamental modern topics in machine learning while providing the theoretical basis and conceptual tools needed for the discussion and justification of algorithms. It also describes several key aspects of the application of these algorithms.

The authors aim to present novel theoretical tools and concepts while giving concise proofs even for relatively advanced topics. Foundations of Machine Learning is unique in its focus on the analysis and theory of algorithms. The first four chapters lay the theoretical foundation for what follows; subsequent chapters are mostly self-contained. Topics covered include the Probably Approximately Correct PAC learning framework; generalization bounds based on Rademacher complexity and VC-dimension; Support Vector Machines SVMs ; kernel methods; boosting; on-line learning; multi-class classification; ranking; regression; algorithmic stability; dimensionality reduction; learning automata and languages; and reinforcement learning.

Each chapter ends with a set of exercises. Appendixes provide additional material including concise probability review. This second edition offers three new chapters, on model selection, maximum entropy models, and conditional entropy models. New material in the appendixes includes a major section on Fenchel duality, expanded coverage of concentration inequalities, and an entirely new entry on information theory. More than half of the exercises are new to this edition.

Lifelong Machine Learning, Second Edition is an introduction to an advanced machine learning paradigm that continuously learns by accumulating past knowledge that it then uses in future learning and problem solving. In contrast, the current dominant machine learning paradigm learns in isolation: given a training dataset, it runs a machine learning algorithm on the dataset to produce a model that is then used in its intended application.

It makes no attempt to retain the learned knowledge and use it in subsequent learning. Unlike this isolated system, humans learn effectively with only a few examples precisely because our learning is very knowledge-driven: the knowledge learned in the past helps us learn new things with little data or effort. Lifelong learning aims to emulate this capability, because without it, an AI system cannot be considered truly intelligent. Research in lifelong learning has developed significantly in the relatively short time since the first edition of this book was published.

The purpose of this second edition is to expand the definition of lifelong learning, update the content of several chapters, and add a new chapter about continual learning in deep neural networks--which has been actively researched over the past two or three years. A few chapters have also been reorganized to make each of them more coherent for the reader. Moreover, the authors want to propose a unified framework for the research area. Currently, there are several research topics in machine learning that are closely related to lifelong learning--most notably, multi-task learning, transfer learning, and meta-learning--because they also employ the idea of knowledge sharing and transfer.

This book brings all these topics under one roof and discusses their similarities and differences. Its goal is to introduce this emerging machine learning paradigm and present a comprehensive survey and review of the important research results and latest ideas in the area.

The Math Needed for Computer Science

This book is thus suitable for students, researchers, and practitioners who are interested in machine learning, data mining, natural language processing, or pattern recognition. Lecturers can readily use the book for courses in any of these related fields. This book highlights recent advances in the design of hybrid intelligent systems based on nature-inspired optimization and their application in areas such as intelligent control and robotics, pattern recognition, time series prediction, and optimization of complex problems. The book is divided into seven main parts, the first of which addresses theoretical aspects of and new concepts and algorithms based on type-2 and intuitionistic fuzzy logic systems.

The second part focuses on neural network theory, and explores the applications of neural networks in diverse areas, such as time series prediction and pattern recognition. The book's third part presents enhancements to meta-heuristics based on fuzzy logic techniques and describes new nature-inspired optimization algorithms that employ fuzzy dynamic adaptation of parameters, while the fourth part presents diverse applications of nature-inspired optimization algorithms. In turn, the fifth part investigates applications of fuzzy logic in diverse areas, such as time series prediction and pattern recognition.

The sixth part examines new optimization algorithms and their applications. Lastly, the seventh part is dedicated to the design and application of different hybrid intelligent systems. Browse here for more books on computational intellegence. Freer ISBN: Computer communications is one of the most rapidly developing technologies and it is a subject with which everyone in the computer systems profession should be familiar. Computer communications and networks is an introduction to communications technology and system design for practising and aspiring computer professionals.

The subject is described from the computer system designer's point of view rather than from the communications engineer's viewpoint. The presentation is suitable for introductory reading as well as for reference. The emphasis is on practical, rather than theoretical, aspects and on technology which will become more important in the future.

Computer communications is a rapidly changing and highly complex subject. Sufficient practical knowledge of the subject is not usually gained at university or college but is generally developed over a period of several years by trial and error, attending courses, reading reference books and journals; this book attempts to simplify and speed up the process by bringing together a body of information which is otherwise distributed throughout many books and journals.

The information is presented in a framework which makes a wider understanding of the subject possible. Mobile Cloud Computing: Models, Implementation, and Security provides a comprehensive introduction to mobile cloud computing, including key concepts, models, and relevant applications. The book focuses on novel and advanced algorithms, as well as mobile app development.

The book begins with an overview of mobile cloud computing concepts, models, and service deployments, as well as specific cloud service models. It continues with the basic mechanisms and principles of mobile computing, as well as virtualization techniques. The book also introduces mobile cloud computing architecture, design, key techniques, and challenges.

The second part of the book covers optimizations of data processing and storage in mobile clouds, including performance and green clouds. The crucial optimization algorithm in mobile cloud computing is also explored, along with big data and service computing. Security issues in mobile cloud computing are covered in-depth, including a brief introduction to security and privacy issues and threats, as well as privacy protection techniques in mobile systems.

The last part of the book features the integration of service-oriented architecture with mobile cloud computing. It discusses web service specifications related to implementations of mobile cloud computing. The book not only presents critical concepts in mobile cloud systems, but also drives readers to deeper research, through open discussion questions. Practical case studies are also included. Suitable for graduate students and professionals, this book provides a detailed and timely overview of mobile cloud computing for a broad range of readers.

Green communications is a very hot topic. Many techniques and solutions have been proposed to enhance the energy efficiency of mobile networks, yet no book has provided an in-depth analysis of the energy consumption issues in mobile networks nor has detailed theories, tools and solutions for solving the energy efficiency problems. This book presents the techniques and solutions for enhancing energy efficiency of future mobile networks, and consists of three major parts.